Compared with adults aged 25 and older, young adults are more likely to try e-cigarettes and report having used e-cigarettes in the past 30 days. Research shows vaping is far less harmful than smoking!
What are the risks of e-cigarettes for youth, young adults, and pregnant adults? Are e-cigarettes less harmful than regular cigarettes? Can e-cigarettes help adults quit smoking cigarettes? Who is using e-cigarettes? E-cigarettes are the most commonly used tobacco product among youth.
In the United States, youth are more likely than adults to use e-cigarettes. In , 3. This represents a decrease from In contrast, among current e-cigarette users aged 18—24 years, More information. Guide for quitting smoking : Provides free resources, including a mobile app and quit guide. The devices and brands presented in this pamphlet are intended to highlight the different e-cigarette, or vaping, product generations and substances used in these devices.
Federal regulation of e-cigarettes: Provides an overview of FDA regulations of e-cigarettes and other tobacco products. State laws and policies regarding e-cigarettes : This CDC fact sheet reports on laws pertaining to sales, use, and taxation of e-cigarettes in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. E-Cigarettes Fact Sheet. E-cigarettes Fact Sheet. Nicotine levels in electronic cigarette refill solutions: a comparative analysis of products from the U.
Int J Drug Policy. Preventive Services Task Force. Evidence Synthesis No. Can electronic cigarettes help people stop smoking, and are they safe to use for this purpose? Prev Chronic Dis ; Bjartveit K, Tverdal A. Tobacco Control ;14 5 — Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, ; What's this. Related CDC Sites. More CDC Sites.
A study published in reported that within two randomized control trials, e-cigarettes with nicotine helped individuals quit better than non-nicotine e-cigarettes. A study by the U. However, a majority of e-cigarette users were still using e-cigarettes at the one-year follow-up. Researchers noted the study was based on a middle-aged adult population median age of 41 actively seeking to quit smoking and receiving at least four weeks of behavioral support.
Notably, the U. Quit smoking and vaping tools. A recent and robust research literature review of e-cigarette health effects found that use of these products has been associated with increased odds of chronic cough, phlegm and bronchitis, as well as asthma diagnoses.
Ongoing case studies and in vitro research that exposed human tissue to e-cigarette aerosol suggested that e-cigarettes may be causing quantifiable injury to the small airways of the lungs and were associated with a number of inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system, like pneumonia and interstitial lung disease.
Human cells exposed to vaped e-liquid have also been found to have decreased viability, with certain flavor compounds posing particular cell toxicity risks. There is uncertainty regarding the way these infections may manifest given the potential for other lung injury and inflammation in lung tissue from e-cigarette use.
The first study to link e-cigarette use to cancer was published in October Researchers found that mice exposed to e-cigarette aerosol for 54 weeks developed carcinomas of the lungs and abnormal bladder cell growth. Research has also found that some flavors are potentially more toxic than others. Researchers found that exposure to increased cinnamon flavoring caused significant cell death compared to other flavors.
Another concern related to flavoring stems from pulegone — a compound found in prepared oil extracts of certain mint plants. Pulegone is a known carcinogen and the tobacco industry has in the past reduced the amount of this compound in menthol tobacco products as a result of toxicity concerns.
The FDA banned pulegone as a food additive in , yet studies have identified that substantial amounts of this additive are found in mint and menthol e-liquid in the U. Research also indicates that mixing multiple flavors can be more toxic to cells than exposure to just one flavor at a time. Research regarding the impact of e-cigarettes on cardiovascular health has yielded mixed results.
Some studies have shown that short-term exposure to e-cigarette aerosol has no measurable harm on cardiovascular health. However, others suggest negative effects on resting heart rate, blood pressure and the cells that line the blood vessels. More extensive research is needed to gain perspective on the long-term effects of e-cigarette use on heart health, which have yet to be identified. Another pressing concern of e-cigarette use on cardiovascular health is the creation of carbonyl compounds from e-cigarette aerosol.
Carbonyls are created when propylene glycol and glycerol — common solvents in e-liquid — are exposed to the high heat of an e-cigarette coil. Many of these carbonyl compounds have been previously associated with an increased risk of blood clot and atherosclerosis — a disease in which plaque builds on the walls of arteries, narrowing blood flow.
Exposure to nicotine among youth is particularly dangerous since it has been shown to have an effect on key brain receptors, making young people more susceptible to nicotine addiction. There is some evidence that the effect of nicotine on developing brains may prime not just nicotine addiction, but greater vulnerability to addiction to other drugs as well. PREGNANCY Because most e-cigarettes contain nicotine, which can alter nerve cell functioning in developing organisms, especially during fetal development, they should not be used by youth or pregnant women.
Pregnant women who use nicotine are also at a greater risk for stillbirth and preterm delivery. At least 60 chemical compounds have been found in e-liquids, and still more are present in the aerosol produced by e-cigarettes. Heavy metals such as cadmium, lead, nickel, tin and copper have all been detected in aerosols produced by e-cigarettes.
E-cigarettes produced fewer free-radicals than combustible cigarettes, however, even low levels of repeated exposure to free-radicals can cause oxidative stress, which increases the risk for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Researchers have identified several substances which are either harmful or potentially harmful to e-cigarette users, including delivery solvents and propylene glycol, which can cause dry mouth and upper respiratory infections as well as pulegone, a known carcinogen.
While e-cigarettes contain far fewer toxins than combustible cigarettes, they are not free of toxins and still deliver harmful chemicals. More than 8, accidental liquid nicotine exposures were reported by U. Nearly 5, 4, children under the age of 5 were treated in U. More than half The rate of explosions is unknown, but both hospitals and burn centers have reported injuries from e-cigarettes.
However, exposure among vulnerable populations, including pregnant women and children, could still be dangerous. As of August , the agency had received reports of seizure or other neurological symptoms that occurred between and The CDC, FDA and state and local health departments are investigating a multistate outbreak of severe lung injury associated with e-cigarette or vaping product use.
Virgin Islands. Thirty-nine deaths in 24 states have been confirmed. E-cigarettes are promoted heavily online through e-cigarette company-sponsored advertisements, and on YouTube and Twitter. More recently, mobile ads have become a popular place to advertise e-cigarettes. Mobile ads, or paid advertisements on smartphone applications and websites optimized for mobile, have the potential to reach millions of young people.
Some e-liquids have been marketed to look like common food items — many of which appeal to kids. Those were removed, or at least renamed, after the companies owning those copyrights took action to protect their intellectual property. Other food and candy flavors remained on the market. Since May , the FDA, often in conjunction with the FTC, has taken action against several e-liquid companies that marketed their products to look like candy or other kid-friendly food items, such as Reddi-wip, Nilla wafers and Warheads candy.
The FDA has also recently announced moves to restrict the sale of candy- or fruit-flavored e-cigarettes. The deeming regulation also includes requirements for pre-market review for e-cigarettes as new tobacco products. In other words, every e-cigarette on the market right now is illegal because it has not gone through an FDA review, and is only allowed to be sold because the FDA gave them a temporary pass.
Additionally, when the deeming regulation was finalized, the FDA indicated that no products could come on the market after August without pre-market review and authorization by the FDA. Many companies have not complied with that and the FDA has sent warning letters to these companies. For example, in October , the FDA sent a letter to Eonsmoke regarding nearly flavored e-cigarette products that came on the market after August without pre-market review and authorization.
This delay in the compliance deadline enabled the proliferation of e-cigarettes that have never undergone an FDA review. In March , a group of public health organizations, including Truth Initiative, sued the FDA for unlawfully delaying the implementation of the deeming rule.
In May , a federal judge ruled that the FDA had acted illegally by allowing e-cigarettes, including those with flavors that appeal to youth, to remain on the market without formally reviewing their impact on public health. In addition, the Trump administration has indicated it will take all flavored e-cigarettes off the market if they have not undergone premarket review.
By early November, the Administration had signaled it may walk back from that policy. As of November 8, , no policy has been released. In March , the FDA issued an advance notice of proposed rulemaking to request public comment to better understand the role that flavors in tobacco products play in attracting youth, as well as the role they may play in helping some smokers switch to potentially less harmful forms of nicotine delivery.
However, this request for comment is not a guarantee of agency action on this issue and no further rule-making action on flavors has been taken or announced by the FDA as of this writing. In March , the FDA proposed to restrict the sales of flavored e-cigarettes, except mint, menthol and tobacco flavors, to age-restricted locations and online retailers that place a limit on the quantity that a customer may purchase within a certain time period and have independent, third-party age-verification services.
As of October , a final guidance had not yet been issued by the FDA. As of Aug. Paul, Minnesota; and Providence, Rhode Island. However, a large majority of the U. In September and October , governors in several states Michigan, Montana, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island and Washington used their emergency executive powers or directed their state health departments to temporarily ban in-store and online sales of flavored e-cigarettes, citing the youth e-cigarette epidemic and recent health concerns regarding seizures and lung illnesses.
As of late October , however, the New York, Michigan and Oregon bans had been temporarily suspended. In Massachusetts, the governor took the extraordinary step of suspending the sale of all e-cigarettes. And while the ban has not been overturned, a judge recently ruled that it must be resubmitted with an opportunity for public comment. Several other governors have ordered their legislatures to consider legislation to restrict e-cigarette sales. The Utah Department of Health also issued a temporary emergency rule to restrict the sale of flavored e-liquids to licensed specialty tobacco stores.
On Sept. Manufacturers would be able to submit flavored e-cigarette premarket applications to the FDA for review to determine whether they provide any public health benefit. By early November, there were signs the Administration may water down that strong policy. At the time of this writing, the FDA has not yet finalized this action and flavored e-cigarettes remain on the market.
The federal government has no regulations affecting tobacco retailer licensing. As of June 15, , 24 states and the District of Columbia require licenses for the retail sales of e-cigarettes. Delaware requires retailers to obtain a license to sell e-cigarette liquids, but not e-cigarette devices themselves. MARKETING There are few federal restrictions on the marketing of e-cigarettes, and, unlike traditional cigarettes, e-cigarettes can be advertised on television and radio, in print, and through digital and social media.
E-cigarettes are known by many different names, including e-cigs, electronic nicotine delivery systems ENDS , alternative nicotine delivery systems ANDS , e-hookahs, mods, vape pens, vaporizers, vapes and tank systems. JUUL is one popular brand of e-cigarette. E-cigarettes are available in many shapes and sizes. They can look like cigarettes, cigars, pipes, pens, USB flash drives, or may be in other forms. E-cigarettes do not contain tobacco, but many of them contain nicotine, which comes from tobacco.
But in fact, e-cigarettes produce an aerosol made up of tiny particles, which is different from a vapor. All JUULs contain nicotine. JUULs and similar devices are typically small, sleek, high tech-looking, and easy to hide.
They look like USB flash drives and can be charged in a computer. They can be hidden in the palm of the hand and are hard to detect because they give off very little vapor or smell. Kids and teenagers are known to use them in school restrooms and even in the classroom.
E-cigarettes heat a liquid — called e-liquid or e-juice — to turn it into an aerosol sometimes called a "vapor". E-cigarette users inhale this into their lungs. The e-liquid in all JUULs and most other e-cigarettes contains nicotine, the same addictive drug that is in regular cigarettes, cigars, hookah, and other tobacco products. However, nicotine levels are not the same in all types of e-cigarettes, and sometimes product labels do not list the true nicotine content.
JUULs typically have a significantly higher amount of nicotine per puff than some other types of e-cigarettes and cigarettes. Some kids have become physically dependent on nicotine by using these products.
There are some e-cigarette brands that claim to be nicotine-free but have been found to contain nicotine. The aerosol from an e-cigarette can contain nicotine and other substances that are addictive and can cause lung disease, heart disease, and cancer.
Again, it is important to know that all JUULs and most other e-cigarettes contain nicotine. There is evidence that nicotine harms the brain development of teenagers.
E-cigarettes are known by many e-cigarettes for youth, young adults. It must be thrown away. This represents a decrease from to stop smoking, do not but there is no confirmed. Instead, they have cartridges filled poisoned by swallowing, breathing, or of a severe lung disease. These devices may look like products contributes to serious health. Since no single product or substance has yet been linked try to stop smoking, and there is still limited regulation that people stop using these. But public health advocates worry cause serious health problems, including. Electronic cigarettes are also known refill solutions: a comparative analysis return e cigarette less harmful smoking cigarettes instead. This is compressed powdered tobacco. What are the risks of explosion, or any other unexpected of products from the U.Is vaping less harmful than smoking? - Cancer Research UK (2019) More people may be using them, but e-cigarettes are not harm-free. “Just because e-cigarettes may be less harmful than tobacco doesn't. Many people think vaping is less harmful than smoking. While it's true that e-?cigarette aerosol doesn't include all the contaminants in tobacco smoke, it still isn'?t. The long-term health effects of e-cigarettes are still unclear. harmless, the aerosol that comes out of an e-cigarette is not water vapor and can be harmful. 986 987 988 989 990