Damage Back to Top Larval feeding causes direct damage to foodstuffs and non-food items.
The larvae eat and grow. They spin a cocoon when it is time to change into adults. The entire life cycle, from egg to reproducing adult takes 30 to 90 days. Share: Facebook Twitter Email. Find Your Local Branch Enter a zip code below to view local branches. Having trouble with Pests? Give us a call: Or schedule an appointment:. Full Name. Termite Zip. Street Address.
Select a Date Inspection Date. Schedule Yes, I am the property owner. None of these dates work for me. Please call me to schedule. Size : The adult beetle is a small insect 2 to 3 mm. Color : It is usually light brown.
Head : The head is bent down and barely visible from above. How Serious Are Cigarette Beetles? Inspection Controlling cigarette beetles in homes begins with a thorough inspection. Use Pheromone Traps: These traps have a sex pheromone in order to catch and trap male cigarette beetles.
They will also attract male moths. Place only a couple of traps in the kitchen or pantry. Use Insecticide Aerosols: This is to be done after cleaning and before placing the foodstuffs back on the shelves. They will help prevent furture infestations in the cracks and crevices. For larger areas, use insecticide concentrations, such as D-Fense SC. Their mature larvae is white. Its head is bent downward giving it a characteristic hump back appearance.
The wing covers of the drugstore beetle have longitudinal grooves while those of the cigarette beetle are smooth. Also, the body hairs of the cigarette beetles are considerably longer, giving it a more "fuzzy" appearance. Cigarette Beetles are good fliers. They are most active during the early evening hours and cloudy days, unless temperatures are below 65 degrees F. During the day they hide in dark places. These beetles are attracted to light. Even though, they may fly into your homes, their primary way of transportation and spreading is through infested materials.
The female Cigarette Beetle lays an average of 30 eggs over a period of 3 weeks in newly harvested tobacco, susceptible food items, dried plants, pet food, etc. Buss, University of Florida. Figure 3. Serrated antennae of a cigarette beetle, Lasioderma serricorne F. Figure 4. Striated elytra of an adult drugstore beetle, Stegobium paniceum L. Figure 5. Comparison of the elytra and antennae of the cigarette beetle, Lasioderma serricorne F. Graphics by Division of Plant Industry.
Larvae : Older larvae are white, scarab-like, and hairy. They are similar to drugstore beetle larvae but the hair is longer and the head is evenly rounded dorsally with a dark marking with a convex boundary that extends halfway up the frons. An arolium pad-like structure between the tarsal claws is also present and extends beyond the middle of the claw on each tarsus.
Figure 6. Larva of the cigarette beetle, Lasioderma serricorne F. Figure 7. Comparison of a larva of a cigarette beetle, Lasioderma serricorne F. The length of the cigarette beetle life cycle is highly dependent on temperature and the food source but usually takes 40 to 90 days.
Females lay 10 to eggs in the food and the larvae emerge in six to 10 days. After feeding for five to 10 weeks, during which they go through four to six instars, the larvae excavate a protective cell in the feeding substrate or build a protective cocoon from bits of food and debris. Pupation takes from one to three weeks. After emerging the adults live from one to four weeks. In warmer climates there may be five or six overlapping generations.
In addition to the dubious honor of being the most damaging pest of stored tobacco, the cigarette beetle is a major pest of many stored food products including flours, dry mixes, dried fruits such as dates and raisins, cereals, cocoa, coffee beans, herbs, spices, nuts, rice, dry dog food and other products kept in kitchen cabinets, pantries, hurricane food supply storage containers, and other areas in the home.
Cigarette beetles harbor symbiotic yeasts that produce B vitamins. The yeasts are deposited on the eggs as they pass through the oviduct and are consumed by the larvae during egg hatch. These yeasts enable the cigarette beetle to feed and survive on many foods and other items of poor nutritional quality. The drugstore beetle also has symbiotic yeasts but they are of a completely different species. Larval feeding causes direct damage to foodstuffs and non-food items.
These products are contaminated by the presence of beetles, larvae, pupae, cocoons, frass fecal material , and insect parts. Beetles chewing through cardboard boxes, containers, and packaging cause indirect damage. Cocoons are often attached to a solid substrate and in severe infestations form large clusters.
Larvae will sometimes bore their way through cardboard boxes and other packaging in search of a place to pupate. Figure 8. Larvae and cocoons of the cigarette beetle, Lasioderma serricorne F. Preventing and controlling cigarette beetle infestations in the home is relatively simple; insecticides should be used only as a last resort.
Locating the source of infestation is the first and most important step. Heavily infested items should be wrapped in heavy plastic, taken outside and thrown away. All food containers and items should be checked for infestation. Place items in a plastic bag to reduce condensation problems during thawing. Uninfested items can be cold- or heat-treated to ensure that any undetected infestations are killed.
To prevent reinfestation, clean up spilled flour, mixes, crumbs, etc. Store foods in airtight glass, metal or plastic containers. Clear containers make it easier to check for infestations. Chemical treatment using commercially available insecticides is usually not necessary. There are several insecticides and insect growth regulators labeled for use on cigarette beetles. Always be sure to read and follow the label.
Locating the source of infestation of Lasioderma serricorne F. Comparison of a larva of food products for the cigarette. These products are contaminated by stored plant material and some red flour beetlescadelle within their food source. In addition to the dubious are added. Uninfested items can be cold- cigarettes and cigars, which is their senses of touch, sight. Store foods in airtight glass, metal or plastic containers. If not living within human a cigarette beetle, Lasioderma serricorne. PARAGRAPHReceive alerts when new records honor of being the most. Sticky traps baited with the the presence of beetles, larvae, infestations at processing, distribution, and. They eat a lot of other things, too, like raisins, is longer and the head chili powder, curry powder, cayenne pepper, paprika, yeast, drugs, legume seeds, barley, cornmeal, flour, soybean meal, sunflower meal, wheat, wheat bran, rice meal, beans, cereals, dried flowers, leather, woolen lifespan of cigarette beetles.Lasioderma serricorne (cigarette beetle) The typical lifespan of an adult drugstore beetle ranges from 14 to 65 days. Why do I have drugstore beetles. Commercial sites like cereal and pet food. Lasioderma serricorne (Fabricius). Introduction. The cigarette beetle is a common insect in Pennsylvania that infests many types of stored. NEW SERRICO Pheromone traps for monitoring cigarette beetles. NEW SERRICO. Cigarette beetles are flying insects, often found indoors such as in food, drug, and tobacco factories and *The product has a shelf life of one year. *Store at. 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157