List of chemical compounds in cigarettes

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Smokeless tobacco products are less deadly than cigarettes. On average, they kill fewer people than cigarettes. Smokeless products are often promoted as a less harmful alternative to smoking, but they are still linked with cancer and can still be deadly. And they have not been proven to help smokers quit. E-cigarettes and other electronic nicotine delivery systems ENDS are often used as substitutes for cigarettes or other tobacco products.

Marketers of e-cigarettes and other ENDS often claim the ingredients are safe. But the aerosols these products produce can contain addictive nicotine, flavorings, and a variety of other chemicals, some known to be toxic or to cause cancer. The levels of many of these substances appear to be lower than in traditional cigarettes, but the amounts of nicotine and other substances in these products can vary widely because they are not standardized.

The long-term health effects of these devices are not known, but they are being studied. The American Cancer Society medical and editorial content team. Health risks associated with cigar smoking. Electronic nicotine delivery systems "e-cigarettes" : Review of safety and smoking cessation efficacy. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Herrington JS, Myers C. Electronic cigarette solutions and resultant aerosol profiles. J Chromatogr A. Cigarette smoke radioactivity and lung cancer risk. Nicotine Tob Res.

European Code against Cancer, 4th Edition: Tobacco and cancer. Cancer Epidemiol. National Cancer Institute. Smokeless Tobacco and Cancer. Accessed at www. Impact of smokeless tobacco products on cardiovascular disease: Implications for policy, prevention, and treatment: a policy statement from the American Heart Association. Shousha HA, Ahmad F. Natural radioactivity contents in tobacco and radiation dose induced from smoking.

Radiat Prot Dosimetry. New and traditional smokeless tobacco: Comparison of toxicant and carcinogen levels. Cigarette Smoking and Radiation. US Food and Drug Administration. April For reprint requests, please see our Content Usage Policy. Download this topic [PDF]. Tobacco and Cancer. Cigarettes contains a lot of dangerous chemical compounds that can causing cancer. Here some chemical compounds found in cigarettes that can cause cancer. Cigarettes has been known since 9th century around Central America and Mexico.

The Maya and Aztect, has been used cigarettes or its predecor the cigar for ritual purpose. The name cigarettes itself first announced when it is transported to France in , since then cigarettes began manufactured. Cigarettes is made by rolling tobacco leaves in a thin paper. One side being ignited and from the other side people can inhale the smoke.

This tradition keep going and it is showing up that not only men that smoke but also women. The number of women who smoke keep increase from late 80s until now. From health issue until environment issue, many people has been contrary with cigarettes. Campaign mostly come up for health awareness. This happen because many studies already said that cigarettes composed by a dangerous component, which is nicotine, tar, and carbon monoxide.

Not only that new studies have been proved that cigarettes is one of the important reason in increasing number of cancer and tumor patient. One of the important key in carcinogenesis or simply said as one of the most dangerous material that can cause cancer, also known as 4 methylnitrosamino 1 3 pyridyl 1 butanone.

It is usually can be found in tobacco leaves. It is basically created from nicotine that burn and turn into NNK. Nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone formula: C 10 H 13 N 3 O 2. NNK is also cateogorized as mutagen, it caused change in human genome, or called it as polymorphisms. It usually involve cells such as cell growth, proliferation, and differentiation. NNK effect can be seen in gene silencing, function distruption, carcinogenesis, and the new studies said it also cause tumorigenesis.

The amount of NNK in cigarettes is equal to to ng. N Nitrosonornicotine or NNN, together with NNK is considering as the most carcinogenic, means they are the one who responsible for many cancer cases from smoking tobacco. NNN is produced from the burning process of tobacco, mostly found in the smoke and human saliva after consuming tobacco. It is also produced from nicotine. The effect is a rapid and uncontrolled growth of cancer and tumor cells.

NNN symptoms can be seen as nausea, vomiting, sleep disturbances, headache, and chest pain. The amount of NNN in cigarettes is approximately to to ng. Formaldehyde is the most simple aldehydes, is a chemical compound that can be found in tobacco smoke, forest fire, car exhaust, and also in interstellar. Commonly known as methanal is an intermediate of combustion of methane. It is a colorless gas, has a sharp and irritating scent. Formaldehyde is usually used in manufacturing such as paper coating, glue, fabric, and particleboard.

Gas stove, wood combustion, kerosene heater also can produced formaldehyde. The side effect from this formaldehyde is watery eyes; burning sensation in eyes, nose, and throat; coughing; nausea; wheesing; and skin irritation. Formaldehyde has rapid effect and mostly infected respiratory system. Acetaldehyde also known as ethanal, is one of the most important chemical compounds from aldehydes group. Acetaldehyde is one of the most abundant chemical compound found in cigarettes.

It is actually occur naturally from plant, such as fruit, also from coffee and bread. Acetaldehyde also produced inside human metabolism which is produced by liver enzymes and allegedly as a cause of hangover from alcohol consumption. It is categorized as a carcinogen. It is damaging the DNA and built up abnormal development in muscle cause it is bind the protein. It can cause nausea, vomitting, and headache. In the great amount of acetaldehyde it can causing hallucination, drowsiness, delirium, and loss intelegence.

It can damaging the lungs, kidney, liver, causing chronic respiration system, throat irritation, dizziness, reddening and swelling skin. It is categorized as one of benzopyrenes, forming from benzene ring binding to pyrene. It is usually found easily in coal tar, cigarettes smoke, and grilled smoke.

Fowles J, Dybing E. Mandated lowering of toxicants in smoke components, peer-reviewed literature dating back to has been searched. Altered lung function and structure in the rat after subchronic. It is advised to replace the list of hazardous smoke resulted in a database of. Control 16 1Haussmann. Federal Register 32Food. Therefore, future research should also focus on these two aspects exposure to acrolein. E-cigarettes can contain many of and may in fact increase your exposure to toxic chemicals. Tobacco smoke: unraveling a controversial. For instance, aldehydes such as cigarettes with the aim of are found in traditional cigarettes, including nicotine, formaldehyde, and nitrosamines.

25 Disturbing Chemicals in Cigarettes - And Where Else They Are Found Here are a few of the chemicals in tobacco smoke and other places they are found: Acetonefound in nail polish remover; Acetic acidan. Radioactive elements, such as uranium (see below). Tobacco smoke contains more than 4, chemicals, and 44 compounds have been classified as human carcinogens. Toxicity can be both mainstream smoke.

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