Additionally, an overarching nicotine regulatory policy is needed to help improve quitting drugs and to ensure that the FDA reviews tobacco products, including e-cigarettes, so that consumers better understand what can help them quit or completely switch from combustible cigarettes. Muller and Elizabeth A.
When we published our scientific paper on air pollution in China in August 1 , we were surprised by the attention we got for a quick comparison we made comparing air pollution on a particularly bad day in Beijing to smoking 1. We were also surprised to find that a prominent researcher, Arden Pope, had previously calculated that average pollution in Beijing is similar to smoking 0.
In this memo, we will derive the rough value of conversion, so people can think of air pollution in terms of cigarettes equivalent. The sole goal of this calculation is to help give people an appreciation for the health effects of air pollution. We will also discuss the apparent discrepancy with Arden Pope now resolved , which stems from our comparing the health impacts of cigarettes, rather than the amount of PM 2. For the purpose of our rough estimate, we will take an average number of billion; it is easy to adjust the numbers using different values.
Now we combine these numbers. The ratio of deaths per year, to cigarettes per year, is 0. Put another way, there are 1. We note that this figure agrees with the value of 1. The most harmful pollution consists of small particulate matter, 2.
These particles are small enough to work their way deep into the lungs and into the bloodstream, where they trigger heart attack, stroke, lung cancer and asthma. In the Berkeley Earth review of deaths in China we showed that 1. To kill 1. Since the population of China is 1. The average PM 2. That would be equivalent to 45 cigarettes per day.
Here is the rule of thumb: one cigarette per day is the rough equivalent of a PM 2. Double that level, and it is equivalent to 2 cigarettes per day. Of course, unlike cigarette smoking, the pollution reaches every age group. That is equivalent to 0. From our crude calculation, and taking into account the US population, that average exposure would be expected to lead to 66, deaths per year in the US.
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