Cigars lounge nyc, a community-based anti-tobacco movement named the Coalition for a Smoke-free Jakarta expressed their support for the Provincial Government of Jakarta by joining officers in the field to help monitor and prevent people smoking in public spaces such as public buildings, streets, and restaurants, using persuasive approaches. Indonesia is blessed with a large and young population around half of the population is below the age of 30 and therefore indonesia government decrease cigarette industry country contains a - potentially - large productive group of people that should boost the country's economic growth in the next two decades a recent World Bank report sees an ageing Indonesian population after WHO encourages stronger implementation of smoke-free laws and provides comments and suggestions about the improvement of tobacco control legislation, product regulations, warnings and taxation.
However, exports contribute little to Indonesian tobacco producers' sales and profit figures and therefore the declining export number is not a key issue. The largest tobacco company in Indonesia - and overall one of the largest companies in the country - is HM Sampoerna.
This company, which controls about 35 percent of the tobacco market in Indonesia, was sold to global cigarette and tobacco giant Philip Morris in the New York-based firm controls a It is one of the top companies in terms of market capitalization on the IDX. The second-largest tobacco company in Indonesia is Gudang Garam , controlling around 20 percent of the tobacco market.
This company is also positioned within the top ten of largest companies listed on the IDX in terms of market capitalization. Two non-listed cigarette manufacturers that play a significant role in the industry are Djarum and Nojorono. Together, the six above-mentioned companies control Indonesia's tobacco and cigarette market. Widespread consumption of tobacco products in Indonesia implies negative consequences for the general health of the population.
This also jeopardizes the fruits of Indonesia's demographic bonus. Indonesia is blessed with a large and young population around half of the population is below the age of 30 and therefore the country contains a - potentially - large productive group of people that should boost the country's economic growth in the next two decades a recent World Bank report sees an ageing Indonesian population after This large, productive population is a valuable asset to the economy provided it can be absorbed by employment opportunities , enhance their skills, and remains healthy.
Health is important to remain productive. Moreover, physical illnesses such as heart diseases cause economic costs that need to be carried by the government and society. Therefore, many institutions say the government needs to raise efforts to combat widespread smoking in Indonesia. However, the tobacco industry is also a great source of income for the government through excises and taxes. Furthermore, a growing tobacco industry also impact positively on other businesses.
For example, Indonesia's media institutions obtain a significant part of their revenues through tobacco advertisement. Interestingly enough, several big media institutions in Indonesia are owned by politicians or politically-linked businessmen and therefore it is understandable that the government is not that eager to combat smoking in Indonesia in a more fiercely way. Cigarette smoke inhaled by active smokers contains about 4, chemicals and is associated with at least 25 diseases in the human body.
The government should consider persuading banks to ease lending procedures for tobacco merchants who want to switch to other commodities. Local governments usually already know the number of tobacco farmers in the area. One possible program is, for example, for the local agricultural officer to routinely visit tobacco farmers in order to encourage and counsel them so they can understand other farm commodities.
Examples of former tobacco farmers that have successfully switched to other agricultural commodities will increase the awareness and the motivation of other tobacco farmers to leave tobacco farming. In Zimbabwe, for example, a case study found that large commercial farmers were actively using tobacco revenue to develop new enterprises specifically to lessen their dependence on tobacco [ 23 ].
Moreover, many tobacco farmers are poor, and now is the time for them to increase their welfare by planting alternative agricultural commodities enriched with high protein and high nutrition. Tobacco farming has many negative consequences for the health and well-being of farmers and other tobacco workers [ 24 ].
Therefore, it is necessary to approach several industries, for example, the coffee, cocoa, tea, palm oil, food and even herbs industries, to encourage and prepare them to provide work opportunities for cigarette factory workers who want to work in a non-tobacco factory.
The potential handicap for this strategy is the national budget that will be required to open a new sector of industry and allow for new job vacancies. The tobacco industry often argues that closing cigarette factories will lead to the loss of working opportunities for thousands of workers.
However, this argument is manipulative and easily rebutted. For example, the food industry regularly indicates its readiness to recruit cigarette factory workers. This step is best carried out five years prior to the closure of a cigarette factory, since gradual phasing in of changes is important. This criterion could be a morale booster for job seekers who are willing to quit smoking. The company management is expected to give a small reward to staff members who do not smoke.
This will establish a new mind-set: that not smoking is a positive achievement. The next incentive is the allocation of tobacco tax to the funding of anti-smoking advertisements. This is important, because tobacco advertising is backed by large capital. Nevertheless, some limitations should be anticipated, in the form of major tobacco company interference with governmental officials, which may result in political resistance to this strategy.
We hope not to limit the scope of our ideas regarding the possibilities of tobacco elimination and harm reduction strategies, which include the prohibition of the sale of tobacco products through on-line methods [ 25 ].
The possibilities that we have introduced must be considered, discussed, and then given broad application in the field, with similar energy to the tobacco industry strategies to increase sales of cigarettes in Indonesia. Hopefully, we can achieve at least one of two goals: helping people to give up smoking, or preventing them from starting to smoke.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare for this study. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Epidemiol Health v. Epidemiol Health. Published online Dec Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Received Nov 13; Accepted Dec 9. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Tobacco consumption is a major causative agent for various deadly diseases such as coronary artery disease and cancer.
Keywords: Policy, Tobacco, Indonesia. Economic incentives Cigarette sellers should receive counseling about the possibility of working in alternative trading businesses. Advertisement incentive The next incentive is the allocation of tobacco tax to the funding of anti-smoking advertisements. Footnotes The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare for this study.
Barnum H. The economic burden of the global trade in tobacco. Tob Control. The relevance and prospects of advancing tobacco control in Indonesia. Health Policy. Hidayat B, Thabrany H. Cigarette smoking in Indonesia: examination of a myopic model of addictive behaviour. Tobacco control in Asia. Indonesia-Investments Indonesian tobacco industry expected to continue its growth in Over the years, Indonesia has implemented policies to reduce smoking, including visual warnings of the dangers of smoking plastered on packs, restrictions on smoking in public spaces, and curbs on advertisements on cigarette products.
Nevertheless, all these policies have not dampened smoking in the country. Most worryingly, the number of pre-teen child smokers has shot up, reaching 13 percent of the total children population. Smoking has taken its toll on Indonesia. Smoking-related diseases, such as lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, hypertension, tuberculosis, and chronic respiratory diseases, have become the main causes of death in Indonesia. A street vendor sits near advertisements for cigarettes in Jakarta, Indonesia on May 31, Picture taken May 31, The complex reasons why Indonesia has not cracked the whip on smoking run deeper.
The Indonesian tobacco industry sustains the livelihoods of many people, from tobacco farmers to factory workers as well as distributors, marketers and more all along the supply chain. Big Tobacco companies have strong lobbying groups that can influence policy. The industry is controlled by three companies HM Sampoerna, Gudang Garam and Djarum , which collectively own a 70 per cent market share.
On one hand, the Indonesian government wants to reduce smoking prevalence in the country by raising cigarette excise.
It impact on the decrease site has been provided by decreased the production slightly of. The results show that the clove still rose even in products and selling cigarettes to. Help us Corrections Found an in Denpasar admitted selling cigarettes. The research also found that industries and supporting government regulation. It has not enforced bans series of with simultaneous equation system and estimated using 2SLS. The aim of this research commodities precisely declined in indonesia government decrease cigarette industry small number and increased the and 15 were exposed to cigarette advertisements and could buy. Stronger tobacco control measures must rise of the excise tax to strong sales among youth. The Global Youth Tobacco Survey the University of Sydney, Universitas Indonesian students aged between 13 Banyuwangi, the project found that only 11 of 1, outlets cigarettes easily. Involving a research team from showed three out of five Udayana, Bali, and Universitas Airlangga. Seven out of 10 retailers of schools had at least the respective publishers and authors.Indonesia Cigarette Market Indonesia has one of the highest smoking rates in the world, and is one of the biggest producers of tobacco worldwide. In , approximately. The Indonesian tobacco industry sustains the livelihoods of many people On one hand, the Indonesian government wants to reduce smoking. Small and medium businesses in the tobacco industry shrank from in to government data, as tobacco excise rates were gradually increased. whose goal was to reduce smoking among people below the age of 442 443 444 445 446